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Home Volume 17 Number 1
Volume 17 Number 1 July 2008


The Relationship between Migration and Timing of Birth in Nang Rong, Thailand

Sukanya Chongthawonsatid
Pimonpan Isarabhakdi
Aree Jampaklay
Barbara Entwisle
Chirayath M. Suchindran

This study examines differences in the timing of birth between migrants and non-migrants drawing on retrospective event history data. The analysis employs the Andersen and Gill, or AG model, for repeated events is a statistical model used to compute “Marital Duration-Specific Fertility Rate”. The total number of observations of married women is 10,944 person-years. The results show that after 21 years of marriage 17% of migrants had never given birth, whereas at the same time only 11% of non-migrants had never given birth. Migrants have a smaller chance of giving birth than do non-migrants. The median time to a birth is 2.11 years for non-migrants and 2.77 years for migrants. In addition, the findings show that the likelihood of having a birth decreased by 21% for current migrants compared to non-migrants. The statistical model shows that education and occupation have powerful effects on fertility, controlling for other variables. This means that migration affects fertility through its relationship with education and occupation. Selectivity of migration explains the effects of migration on fertility. The results confirm the hypotheses of selectivity, disruption, and adaptation effects of migration on fertility.
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A Gender Synthesis on NCD Risk Factors: Evidence from KDSS

Amitha Sumanaseekara
Kusol Soonthorndhada

The objectives of the study were to identify risk factors for NCD according to socioeconomic conditions among male and female, and pattern of change during two periods. This study used data from year 2000 and 2004 from the Kanchanaburi Project. Data analysis both descriptive and analytical tools of logistic regression were used.

Results revealed that smoking rate had increased among male adolescent from 19% to 23 % but not changed considerably in almost socioeconomic factors from 2000 to 2004. Smoking rate was very high among male and female who had low education, poor household and in upland stratum. Liquor consumption rate had increased particularly in male and female adult and in almost socioeconomic factors during these two years. Risky food habits were high among adolescents who were studying and in the poorest household. Overweight and obesity were high in adult female, urban/semi-urban stratum, rich household and housewives. Logistic regression analysis revealed odd ratio of two or more risk factors had highly significant among adult female with low education and in poor household of uplands strata. So introduction of area-based or target-based prevention program integrated for all risk factors would be worthwhile for future reduction of NCD burden.
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Constructing the Third Identities Through Modern Northern Country Songs (Pleng Lukthung Kam Mueang): A Social History of Modernity in Rural Chiang Mai

Kriangsak Chetpatanavanich

This article argues that modernity does not have only one meaning. Various groups of people and individuals in any society are contesting over the meanings or identities of modernity. Various groups and individuals of Chiang Mai “new rural” people grow out of the hybridization of urban industrial and service economy combined with rural agricultural economy are also contesting over the meanings or identities of modernity. By hybridizing the State’s concept of modernity with their historical experiences or memories, they produce their own meanings or identities of modernity through the cultural space of Pleng Lukthung Kam Mueang or modern northern country song. It is the third identity that result from the people’s historical experiences or memories. It means that while the Bangkok ruling class endeavors to construct the static or unchangeable meaning of modernity in order to control the people, the people, in turn, make the meaning fluid or ambiguous in order to free themselves from being dominated. Put it in another way the contestation of modern meanings or identities by the Chiang Mai rural people are, therefore, the anti-hegemony they produce against the hegemony produced by the Bangkok ruling class in order to destroy the dominant structure resulted from the elite’s meaning of modernity. It opens the way to new complicated relations among various groups of people in modern Thai society.

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The Spatial Distribution of Poverty in Malaysia

A.H. Roslan

This paper examines and discusses the spatial distribution of poverty in Malaysia. The point highlighted in this paper is that, even though Malaysia has achieved considerable success in reducing aggregate poverty, there are still several outstanding issues that should be given serious attention. Despite the rapid economic growth in the past three decades, the efforts to reduce spatial inequality did not really show an impressive improvement. The record shows that poverty remains as a crucial problem in the rural areas and in certain states/regions. Indeed, recent figures show that rural and urban divide remains as it was in the 1970s, and poverty remains an issue in the Eastern and Northern regions, as well as in Sabah and Sarawak. Apparently, overcoming the spatial disparities remains one of the major challenges facing the nation.

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The Influence of Exercise Motivation on Exercise Behavior among Thai Youth

Wannee Jermsuravong
Naruepon Vongjaturapat
Fuzhong Li

In order to understand why young Thai population get involve in their physical activities, researches need to be done to clarify these questions. This study was to examine the exercise motivation factors that determine the exercise behavior of Thai youth. The Thai Exercise Motivation Scale, based on Li’s Exercise Motivation Scale was developed, and consisted of 31 items. The scale was reliable and shown its value of .82. Subjects were 1,912 (males = 949, females = 963) Thai youth aged between 18 and 22 (M = 19.87, SD =1.31), who regularly exercise in the public parks, health clubs, fitness centers and community stadium throughout Thailand. Confirm factor analysis indicated that the measurement model for 8 subscales of TEMS was fit with the data reasonably well and was regrouped into 4 subscales for better fit due to its statistical values of multi correlation. The test of structural equation model of exercise motivation and exercise behavior found that extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation are related with exercise behavior of Thai youth. In fact, intrinsic motivation is more influential towards exercise motivation of young Thai participants than extrinsic motivations. Practically, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation techniques are needed to be employed to maintain physical activity among young Thai populations.

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Differential Utilization of Health Care Services among Ethnic Groups on the Thailand-Myanmar Border: A Case Study of Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand

Jian Hu
Chai Podhisita

This cross-sectional study is based mainly on the 2000 dataset of the Kanchanaburi Demographic Surveillance System (KDSS), with additional variables from the 2002 and 2004 datasets of the same project. The aim is to explore patterns of health care utilization among three ethnic groups on the Thailand-Myanmar border and to investigate the extent to which differences in reported use of health care related to different characteristics of each group. About 58 percent of ethnic Thai, 43 percent of the native-born and 28 percent of the foreign-born minority respondents reported that they had used service of the health care providers when they were ill in 2000. Results show that the foreign-born and native-born minority respondents were significantly less likely to use health care services than Thais after controlling for type of self-reported illness. Further analysis reveals that ethnic gap in utilization of health care services disappears if there is no difference in access to health insurance, religion, ability to speak Thai, source of health information, type of village, and availability of health and transportation facilities in the village. In short, this difference can be mitigated if access to health insurance, cultural and communication barriers, and community resources for health care are improved.

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Teenage Marriage and Educational Continuation in Thailand

Nowrozy Kamar Jahan

It was estimated that in 2006, 14 percent of Thai women aged 15-19 were ever married, despite the great majority of Thai females delaying marriage. Many young females do not continue their education until the end of upper secondary level. Thus, this study examines the relationship between the timing of marriage and educational continuation. Longitudinal data of the Kanchanaburi Demographic Surveillance System (KDSS) 2000-2004 of the Institute for Population and Social Research was used for the analysis. The study population was females aged 15 to 19 and unmarried at the time of enrollment into the KDSS. The study used life table methods and discrete time logistic regression. The life table analysis found that risk of teenage marriage was lower among those who were able to continue their education. The discrete time logistic regression also found a significant relationship between the odds of the timing of marriage and educational continuation. This study finding provides strong evidence to give more emphasis on effective implementation of the Thai education policy, which requires universal secondary education for both sexes. It will help not only to ensure educational continuation but also to reduce teenage marriage.
 
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