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Home Volume 15 Number 1
Volume 15 Number 1 July 2006

Cultural Adaptation of Rice Production of a Thai Rural Village after the Implementation of the National Population Policy

Prachatip Kata

               The objective of this paper is to study the cultural adaptation of agriculture production mode of Thai rural village to family planning policy resulting in low fertility rate below replacement fertility level.
               The study uses data collected by qualitative method to study one rural village in North-Eastern region of Thailand.
               Result of the study shows that successful national family planning policy has resulted in small family size and reducing the size of labor force in the village. When such labor force migrates to other places for working, then agriculture production mode dependant upon multi-generation labor is changing. Rice culture which is used to be main pole for villagers relationships, local wisdom transferring channel and local identity awareness has been effected then.
               However, it is clear that Thai rural village adapts itself to the situation. There has been a change in production mode to use more technology on production and change of rice specie to compromise with amount of labor force existing in the family. Moreover, there has also been the renovation of many rice culture rites to do its socio-cultural function for community existence.

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The Impact of Household and Community Risk Factors on Labor Force Aged Mortality in Nang Rong, Thailand

Warangkana Polprasert
Yothin Sawangdee
Guang Guo
Buppha Sirirassamee
Yawarat Porapakkham

               This study examines the influence of household and community risk factors on labor force aged mortality. The investigation observed the effect of both social context as measured by household factors and community variables which are related to the exposure to disease factors and the resistance to disease variables on various causes of death. To explore and measure the size of the effect, the examination employed longitudinal data from Nang Rong Project between 1994 and 2000. The unit of analysis was population who were among the labor force age. The survival analysis under the method of piece-wise exponential hazard model with left truncated was used. Furthermore, the study also employed the Verbal Autopsy method to examine the accuracy of the cause of death.
               The major causes of death were mostly from non-communicable disease, external causes, and communicable disease respectively. Household sanitation and household density had some effects on mortality. When considering community risk factors, the community density and the number of health personnel in the areas had an effect on mortality. For instance, when population in community increases, the hazard of dying increases. In addition, when number of health personnel increases, the hazard of dying decreases.

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Migration and Gender-based Occupational Segregation in Bangkok

Kanchana Tangchonlatip
Sureeporn Punpuing
Aphichat Chamratrithirong
Philip Guest
Sara Curran
Jawalaksana Rachapaetayakom

 

               The aims of the study are to examine trends of gender differentials in migration to Bangkok and the sex segregation in Bangkok occupational structure. The study used Thailand Population and Housing Censuses, 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000 and data from the Project entitled “Demographic Responses to a Changing Environment in Nang Rong, Thailand.”
               There is an obvious female predominance in the migration flow to Bangkok. The export-led economic orientation has been a crucial influence on female migration to the capital city and then to its five peripheral provinces. The new urban economy has stimulated the demand for labors in manufacturing and service sectors which favors female laborers and has subsequently affected the gender-based occupational segregation in Bangkok. For example, considering the sex ratio during 1970-2000, there was a predominance of women in service work, while work in administration, transportation, and production was dominated by males. This apparently reflects the phenomena of “men’s work” and “women’s work.” Furthermore, it was found that the occupations that Nang Rong migrants in Bangkok engaged in revealed the labor demand of the new urban economy and the impact of the 1997-2000 economic crisis.
 

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The Effect of Migration on Health

Rumana A. Saifi
Chai Podhisita
Philip Guest
John Bryant

               Several studies have been carried out to understand reasons for migration in developing countries; yet little has been done to understand health consequences of migration. Using the data from the 2000- and 2001-rounds of the Kanchanaburi Demographic Surveillance Survey (KDSS) of the Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, this paper explores whether migration has any effect on the health of migrants. The analysis made use of the data obtained from interviews of 24,412 individuals aged 15 and older, both male and female migrants and non-migrants. In order to assess the relation between migration and health, the analysis constructed two models; the first model focused on migration and health status measured in terms of self-reported illness over the period of twelve months prior to the interview, the second model focused on migration and health risk behavior measured in terms of cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking. Logistic regression analyses, taking migration as the main predictor and socio-economic, demographic and environmental factors as control variables, reveal that migration seems not to have significant relation with health, but it shows significant relation with health risk behavior, i.e. smoking cigarette and drinking alcohol. Overall, the results presented in this paper suggest that appropriate intervention aimed at reducing health risk behavior among migrants is desirable.

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Parenting Skills in the Advent of Early Adolescence

Chanram Ruanpan

               The objective of this research was to study the early adolescent parenting skills of the couples in Rajathewee district, Bangkok. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used as Combined Method in data collection and analyses. From the research, parenting skill means “an ability of parents to enhance child’s development and satisfy child’s demands completely and suitably for specific situations in their family”. This research defined factors related to parenting skills as “joint learning between parents”, “family stress”, and “family resources” with a complex relationship between them. Owing to the social and family environment in the Bangkok context having widely impacted parenting practice, methods of early adolescent parenting skills development should be concentrated on the encouragement of joint learning between parents, an environment favorable to parenting practice, and social mechanisms to support parents in Bangkok. 

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