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Home Volume 14 Number 2
Volume 14 Number 2 Jan 2006

Global Development Challenges and Thailand’s Economy Today

Tatoul Manasserian

               The article analyses the current global economic trends and explores the new realities in the current set of economic parameters. While there are encouraging positive economic trends and further liberalization of international trade is in order, the overall trade system still imposes many barriers to the developing countries in Southeast Asia, including Thailand. The global and regional developments’ impact on overall progress and macroeconomic reforms in considered to analyze the current status of economic growth and challenges facing the nation today and in the years to come.
               An attempt is made to explore the achievements in meeting global development targets and the progress in fighting common economic threats for the human development, as well as the role of Thailand in Southeast Asia and broader economic integration. Thus, based on the deliberate economic trends analysis and anatomy of the current developments, the article draws a number of implications for regional integration and more efficient utilization of Thailand’s competitive and cooperative advantages for decision makers to design strategies to respond to new economic order and changing realities and the need of their domestic businesses to expand abroad. Finally, global regional and local development scenarios are drawn with possible forecast data applicable to Thailand’s economy in the 21st century.
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Does Antenatal Care Matter Reducing Maternal Mortality in Nepal?

Sharad Kumar Sharma

               There has been a debate on the contribution of antenatal care for the reduction of maternal mortality. However it is believed that if the adequate antenatal care is done during the pregnancy period it could help to reduce maternal mortality in a great extent. In order to justify this view, different literatures related to the maternal mortality and antenatal cares were reviewed. The literatures were basically classified in two views, the views in the favor of antenatal care and the views not in favor of antenatal care to reduce maternal mortality. However some neutral views were also found. After the discussion it is concluded that emergency obstetric care services, the most effective intervention to reduce maternal mortality is not possible to make available all over the country in short period of time in the context of Nepal. Until sufficient emergency obstetric services are available to all women, advocacy of institutional and skilled delivery, screening and referral of high risk case, supplementation of vitamin A can be the important means to reduce maternal mortality, which can be done through antenatal care service. Thus antenatal care is still relevant and appropriate to reduce maternal mortality in Nepal. 

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Effects and Social Implications of China’s One-child Policy

Jian Hu

               In the past three decades, the total fertility rate (TFR) in China declined sharply from 5.8 in 1970 to less than 2 in 2000, avoiding an estimated 300 million births. China’s family planning policy characterized by one-child policy has greatly contributed to dramatically reducing fertility and slowing population growth in China.
               This paper reviews the major effects of the one-child policy on the demographic change and socioeconomic development, and discusses potential social implications and policy trends, based on the United Nations and China’s official data since 1949 and literatures.
               The reviews indicate that one-child policy helps to curb the population growth which is congruent with the socioeconomic development and the protection of resource and environment. At the same time, it may bring about fewer children to care for the elderly and unbalanced sex ratio at birth. In order to reduce the impacts of age and sex structure, recent population policy tries to promote community aid and social security system in the rural area to support the elderly; and to provide rewarding and social support system for one child or two-daughter family in the rural area as well.

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Information Provision – One More Necessity for Long Stay Tourism of Japanese Pensioners in Chiangmai

Prathurng Hongsranagon

               Opinions were collected from 63 long stay Japanese pensioner tourists in Chiangmai province, and from interview sessions with 8 Chiangmai administrators responsible for the tourism industry in the province. It was found that the provision of information to promote correct understanding among target customer groups is required for the management of the long stay tourism project in Thailand. This report discusses the issues of niche marketing, customers’ response, and communication for promotion, which are important for the efficient, successful, and sustainable management of long stay tourism in Thailand.

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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Hypertension: Evidence from Non-communicable Disease Screening Project in Nan Province, Thailand

Kattika Thanakwang
Kusol Soonthorndhada

               Hypertension is one of the most important public health problems in Thailand. It is a multifactorial disease, due to a combination of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. This study measured the prevalence of hypertension, and investigated the relationships between risk factors and hypertension morbidity among people aged 40 years and over in Nan Province. The data used in this study were collected in 2004 by a non-communicable disease screening project. The sample consisted of 4,322 persons. Hypertension morbidity was defined as having systolic blood pressure ? 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure ? 90 mmHg. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics with cross tabulation and binary logistic regression. Results revealed that the prevalence of hypertension morbidity was 18.3 %, and was higher in males than females and in persons aged over 60 years compared to persons aged 40 – 59 years. Using binary logistic regression, it was found that age, body mass index, previous high blood pressure and high blood sugar were significant positively associated with hypertension. Health risk behaviors such as excessive sodium intake including salt and seasoning powder, fatty-rich food, alcohol consumption, and stress were positively associated with hypertensive condition, and significant at the 5 % level. These findings suggest that health care providers should be concerned about health risk behaviors and factors related to hypertension of people in communities. Screening for hypertension in communities and health education and empowerment programs to increase awareness and prevention of hypertension are also needed.

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Improvement of the Quality of Life of the Elderly through Individual Empowerment, Family Care and Community Support: The Case of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province, Thailand

Srimuang Paluangrit
Frits van Griensven
Kua Wongboonsin

               This research has two objectives: to assess the quality of life of the elderly, and to identify factors affecting the quality of life of the elderly. As part of the study interviews were conducted with 415 elderly identified through multi-stage sampling.
               An adapted form of WHOQOL-BREF-THAI questionnaire was used to assess the quality of life in 5 key domains: physical, psychological, environmental, social relation, and satisfaction domain. Multiple regression analysis showed that individual, family and community factors could explain 33.8, 9.7, 13.2, 17.9, and 9.3 percent of the variance of the five domains respectively. Twelve variables (sex, age, income, knowledge of health, health practice, self-reliance, care and attention, role taking, residential environment, activity in community, physical environment and information) were independently and significantly associated with at least one domain of the quality of life domain.
               Our results provide important information for policy recommendation, which can be implemented before the elderly reach the age of retirement. It will also allow to prepare the labor-force age population in terms of financial and human resource building.

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The Distribution of the Number of Migrants at the Household Level

Kamlesh Kr. Shukla
K.N.S. Yadava

                In this paper several models have been developed by researchers applied to new set of data on the number of migrants at household level and suitability of models are given over time. The data has been collected in rural area of Chandauli District (near Varanasi city) during the year 2001-2002. Changing pattern of migration in the current year is also given on the basis of the parameter of models.

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