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Volume 9 Number 2 January 2001

A Study of Characteristics of Return Migrants During the Economic Crisis

Sutham Nanthamongkolchai

The objectives of this study were to examine the place of destination, demographic characteristics and work status of return migrants during the economic crisis period. The sample was drawn from the 1998 Labour Force Survey (Third Round). Return migrants were defined as persons who had returned from Bangkok to their own home town within two years prior to the survey (1996-1998).

The results showed that during the period of economic crisis , most migrants moved back to the Northeastern Region. Most return migrants were males, aged 20-29 years, married, had only primary school education and were relatives of the head of the household. There was no difference in demographic characteristics of migrants between Central, Northern, Northeastern and Southern Regions. Most of the return migrants had job at the destination, and their work status were employees of household business and private employers. The results of this study implied return migrants do not have appropriate job. Thus, the Government should provide help and support migrants to have appropriate employment.


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The Relative Importance of Family and Education Influences on Attitudes to Family Size Among Thai Single Youths

Umaporn Pattaravanich

The objective of this study is to examine the role of family and education influences determining family size preference of Thai single adolescents. The multinomial analyses' findings revealed the influence of education (both own youths' education, and mother's education), and the interaction factor of intergeneration are strong determinants of family size preference among female youths. Among male youths, the number of siblings and birth order play important roles affecting ideal family size. In addition, the findings also show that the influence of education between mothers and sons is important to family size preference among male youths. The influence of region are very strong on family size preference both male and female, particularly in the Northeastern and Southern regions.

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A Model Describing the Pattern of Inter-generational Occupational Mobility in Rural Nepal

K.N.S. Yadava
Tika Ram Aryal

A discrete time finite state Markov Chain model proposed by Sampson (1990) has been applied to study the pattern of intergenerational occupational mobility. The suitability of the model has been tested with the data taken from rural Nepal. The log-likelihood ratio statistic has been used to test the goodness of fit of the model. The state of equilibrium has also been calculated. It is found that the measures proposed by Sampson described well the intergenerational occupational mobility in rural Nepal.

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Migration of Young Adults in Rural Northeast : A Case Study of Gender Differentials

Plymas Khunpukdeee

The main objective of this study is to determine factors affecting the migration of young adults from rural Northeast Thailand. It is a quantitative study supplemented by qualitative approach. The quantitative analysis uses a model that has factors measured at several levels. The sample used in the study is young men and young women aged 15-29 who were living in households selected by the Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, in a study called "Migration in Thailand" in 1992 and who were re-interviewed in a survey called "Northeast migration follow-up survey" in 1994. The result from the study shows the following factors that influenced the migration of young adults between 1992 and 1994:

Sex has an influence on migration, with males having a higher probability of migration than females. When comparing between males and females, it is obvious that in the process of migration decision making, males are selected for migration on the basis of age and education. Females are selected for migration on the basis of marital status and status within the household. At the level of the household, of demographic, economic and social variables, only the presence of elderly in the household acts to stop out-migration of both males and females. When there are females in the household with previous migration experience the probability of a female migrating increases. However, there is no effect on male migration of previous migration experience of other men in the household. For those factors related to occupational risk, it is found that only a high proportion of household agricultural labors in the household increases the probability of male migration. The probability of female migration is affected by all the household risk variables. Migration probabilities increase when the household risk is related to source of income from agriculture other than rice growing, when the proportion of the household labour force in agriculture is low, and when the level of land per household member used for productive is low. The study finds that factors influencing the migration of males can be explained by human capital theory. For female migration, factors explaining migration are mainly household risk factors. This reflects difference in male and female social roles. Women perform a larger role in the household. Therefore in a risky condition, women have to take charge of household economy. A critical suggestion is to lessen risk of household production. At the same time, women's status should be enhanced so that they are regarded as equal to men. Then women may become less obligated to household condition and may independently consider migration.

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