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Home VOL 21, NO 1 (2012) Volume 21 Number 1, July 2012
Volume 21 Number 1, July 2012


Volume 21 Number 1: July 2012

Majority vs. Minority Migration: A Comparison of Characteristics from the Vietnam 2009 Population and Housing Census

Tran Quang Lam

Migration in Vietnam is intensifying along with the socio-economic development process, involving all sub-groups of the population including ethnic minorities. However, there are very few studies on migration of ethnic minorities due to a lack of information about these poor and vulnerable population groups. In this regard, the 2009 Population and Housing Census provides comprehensive information about ethnic minority populations including their movement. Analysis of the census data shows that the minority population is in a disadvantaged position in comparison to the Kinh majority in terms of geographical distribution, education and socio-economic status. Although migrants from the minority groups are similar to those from the Kinh majority in many aspects, they are quite different with regards to the distance migrated. Information from other sources also suggests that many minority migrants might not move for economic reasons as in the case of the Kinh majority migrants.

 

Keywords: Vietnam, migration, ethnic minorities, population census

 

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Volume 21 Number 1: July 2012

The Impacts of the Late 2000s Financial Crisis on International Migration: The Case of China

Yu Zhu, Liyue Lin and Chaoyang Ruan

By making use of indirect indicators and some materials from the Internet, this paper examines the impacts of the late 2000s financial crisis on international migration to and from China. The results suggest that the financial crisis impacted internal migration more than international migration both to and from China. This is especially the case when considering only the factors within China, as evidenced by the increasing number of exits from China as well as the volume of student departures in 2008. However, when the situation of the destination countries is factored in, it is clear that international migration to and from China was indeed affected in 2008, reflected in the decrease in volume of foreigners entering China, the decrease of Chinese workers migrating overseas, and the increase of overseas Chinese students and scholars returning home. It is expected that as the global economy recovers from the crisis, international labor emigration from China may increase again.

 

Keywords: Late 2000s financial crisis, international migration, entry and exit, student migration, labor emigration, China

 

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Volume 21 Number 1: July 2012

Statelessness in Japan: Management and Challenges

Chen Tien-shi

According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, "Every person has the right to a nationality". Most of us take nationality for granted, but people in varied circumstances find themselves to be stateless, sometimes to their surprise. This paper focuses on statelessness in Japan. First, I examine the cause of stateless people and classify them based on differences in legal status and background. Second, by presenting some actual cases of stateless people, I demonstrate how the stateless issue has been overlooked and sometimes concealed by the system and society in Japan. Last, I introduce the development of the Stateless Network, which is the first and only non-governmental organization in Japan supporting stateless people. Experiences of how the Network manages to support stateless people as well as the challenges to overcome.

 

Keywords: stateless, nationality, identification, human rights, Stateless Network

 

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Volume 21 Number 1: July 2012

Thai Diaspora: What Happens When They Return 'Home'?

Monchai Phongsiri and Maniemai Thongyou

The 1868 demarcation of the modern border between British Burma and the Kingdom of Siam resulted in a Thai diaspora of more than 40,000 in the southern states of what is now the modern nation-state of Myanmar. Since the 1980s, the majority of these persons have moved back over the border into Thailand. Their status has become that of a returning Thai diaspora because they have not been granted Thai citizenship. Consequently, they lack the rights and power to access livelihood assets. This paper examines their status vis-à-vis the Thai state, their political mobilization in Thailand, and their development of livelihood strategies. The people of the returning Thai diaspora use a variety of means to establish themselves as subjects and citizens of the Thai state. Policy makers should be encouraged to be more aware of "power" and "rights" with regard to people in vulnerable contexts, such as the returning Thai diaspora whose members are negotiating their status in Thai society.

 

Keywords: Thai diaspora, political capital, homeland, returnee, livelihood strategies

 

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Volume 21 Number 1: July 2012

Perception and Misperception: Thai Public Opinions on Refugees and Migrants from Myanmar

Malee Sunpuwan and Sakkarin Niyomsilpa

This article reports on a quantitative survey in four provinces on the Thailand- Myanmar border that investigated Thai perceptions of refugees and migrant workers from Myanmar. The results show that the public is highly concerned with security issues and that the majority of the Thais surveyed believe that refugees and migrant workers pose a threat to public safety and may carry diseases. Respondents also saw refugees and migrants as competing for jobs and national resources with native Thais. Those who lived closer to the refugee camps, who are rural residents, generally had more positive views of migrants and refugees than those in urban areas located farther from the camps. The results are discussed in terms of recommendations that would help to dispel misperceptions and improve integration of refugees, migrants and ethnic minorities into Thai society.

 

Keywords: refugees, migrants, public opinion, xenophobia, migration policy

 

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